Interventionism in the labor market

The real effects of the FGTS

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.30800/mises.2022.v10.1456

Keywords:

Interventionis, regulation, FGTS

Abstract

The Fund for Employees (FGTS) was created by the Federal Government of Brazil to "protect" the worker fired without just cause. According to the rules, the account balance of FGTS is formed by monthly and mandatory deposits made by the employer. Employees can withdraw their money at particular moments, as defined by the government. This article aims to analyze the real effects of this regulation in Brazil and evaluate the benefits of extinguishing this fund. This government intervention interferes in the environment of voluntary exchanges between employees and employers, increasing the cost of the worker. It also creates the adverse effect of increasing turnover in the labor market because it encourages the worker to act in a way that motivates a dismissal to gain access to this resource. The preference for resources at present is observed when analyzing the results of the resource flexibility measure that took place in 2019. More than 12 million workers chose to anticipate receiving their resources. In addition, the financial return of the FGTS is very low for its shareholders. The data show that the money stuck in the FGTS yields below the average returns of similar risky applications. Who gains from this is the government, which can use the cheap resources of this fund. This way, the end of the FGTS in Brazil would significantly improve productivity and allocations in the Brazilian labor market.

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Author Biography

Thais Salzer, Ministério da Economia – Brasília – Brasil

Graduated in Economics from the Federal University of Juiz de Fora (2010) and Master in Applied Economics. Experience in Economics, with emphasis on Labor Economics, Public Finance, Econometrics and data science. I currently work at the Ministry of Economy of Brazil. Work experience as Head of division at Secretariat of Economic Policy, Advisor to the Nacional Treasury of Brazil and Economist at State Secretariat of Economy and Planning of ES.

References

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Published

2022-10-17

How to Cite

1.
Salzer T. Interventionism in the labor market: The real effects of the FGTS. MisesJournal [Internet]. 2022 Oct. 17 [cited 2022 Dec. 3];10. Available from: https://revistamises.org.br/misesjournal/article/view/1456

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Section

AERC 2022 - Mises Academy Papers